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Timeline U.S. Political Parties

Timeline U.S. Political Parties
Th
is article contains an overview of the history of the major Timeline U.S. Political Parties together with a table detailing all of the United States presidents and their political affiliations.

History Timeline U.S. Political Parties
The history Timeline of U.S. Political Parties begins in 1789 with
George Washington and the Independent political party that focused on the establishment of the Constitution. The timeline then details the emergence of the Federalists and their opponents the Anti-Federalists who became the Democratic-Republicans. Then came the National Republicans who became the Whig political party which are also detailed on the timeline. And finally the history timeline and dates relating to the rise of the two party system of the Democrats and Republicans who dominate the modern politics of the United States of America.  

US Political Parties

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Timeline U.S. Political Parties: Definitionof Political Parties
Definition of Political Parties: United States Political parties are formed by groups or collections of people who share the same ideas, beliefs or views  about the way the United States should be governed. The United States Political parties work to influence government policies and to introduce new laws to the Constitution and to make amendments to existing laws.

History Timeline of the U.S. Political Parties
The following History Timeline of the major U.S. Political Parties provides a fast overview of when the political parties emerged and the history of the party origins. For additional information refer to the History of the Political Parties in the U.S.

Timeline U.S. Political Parties for kids

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1789

Independent
Party

George Washington becomes the 1st President of the United States. He was not formally affiliated with any Political Parties during his two terms in office and therefore classed as an Independent. All members of the new government supported him as an impartial president and wanted to give the Constitution a fair trial

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1797

Federalist Party

Federalist Papers

John Adams is elected president for the Federalist Party who believed that the new central government, and the well-educated, wealthy classes, should be given the greatest power of government. The Federalist Papers explained the Constitution to the American people and promoted the concept of Federalism

Timeline U.S. Political Parties:

1797

Anti-Federalist Party

Adams and the Federalist party were opposed by the Anti-Federalist Party who believed that the vast majority of ordinary, less educated people, had the skills and common sense required to run the government.

Timeline U.S. Political Parties:

1798

Republican
 Party

The Anti-Federalist party was re-named as the Republican Party reflecting the ideals of Republicanism supporting states’ rights and a strict interpretation of the Constitution

Timeline U.S. Political Parties:

1798

The Democratic-Republican
 Party

Jeffersonian
Republicans

The Federalists tried to discredit the Republican Party by naming them Democratic-Republicans to convey the extreme and radical actions taken in the name of democracy during the French Revolution. However, the Jeffersonian Republicans admired the strong anti-monarchist sentiments of the French and their belief of the principle of government by the people - so the name "Democratic-Republican" stuck.

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1800

Democratic-Republican Party

Thomas Jefferson, leader of the Democratic-Republican Party, was elected the third president of the United States. The Democratic-Republican Party adhered to the Constitution in order to limit the powers of the federal government and was strongly opposed to aristocracy, monarchy, corruption and elitism

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1809

Democratic-Republican Party

The James Madison followed Jefferson as leader of the Democratic-Republican Party

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1815

Fall of the
Federalist Party

The Federalists bitterly opposed the rising power of the Democratic-Republicans and held secret meetings at the Hartford Convention to air their views reproaching Madison's administration and the War of 1812, some delegates favored secession. The War of 1812 ended with a sense of victory and sealed the destruction of the Federalist party. The secrecy of the Hartford Convention discredited the Federalists who were seen as too extreme and disloyal and even branded as "traitors".

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1817

 

Democratic-Republican Party 

As there was now only one political party (Democratic-Republican) this led to are more stable government and heralded the "Era of Good Feelings" during the two term presidency of James Monroe.

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1824

National Republican Party

The Democratic-Republican party split into several factions, taking the names of their party leaders: the Adams men (supporting John Quincy Adams), the Clay men (supporting Henry Clay). The Adams and Clay factions began to act together and to call themselves National Republicans, because they wished to build up the nation's resources, specifically National Defense, following the War of 1812. Refer to the National Republican Party 

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1825

Democratic-Republican Party 

John Quincy Adams became the last President under the Democratic-Republican ticket. During this time it split into the northern-dominated Republicans and the southern-dominated Democrats

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1829

Democrat Party

Andrew Jackson was elected president. The Democratic Republican party of Andrew Jackson dropped the word "Republican" and called themselves simply Democrats and so began the formation of the Democrat Party

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1832

Whig Party

The National Republicans completely changed their name and adopted the name of the British liberal party and became the Whig Party because they also favored reform

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1837

Democrat Party

Martin Van Buren was elected president on the Democrat ticket. The party lost its popularity due to the Panic of 1837, the president was given the nickname 'Martin Van Ruin' and the electors turned their affiliation to the newly formed Whig party.

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1841 - 1845

The Whig Party

The Whig Party achieved power through the election of William Harrison and John Tyler but both died in office before being able to make the party's impact on the nation.

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1845

Democrat Party

James Knox Polk was elected president as leader of the Democrat Party and added a vast area to the U.S., but its acquisition precipitated a bitter quarrel between the North and the South over expansion of slavery

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1853

Fall of the
Whig Party

Free Soil Party

The Whig Party came into power again with the election of Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore. The policies of Fillmore led to division in the Whig party. The anti-slavery faction of the Whigs, including members of the "Barnburners" anti-slavery faction and the Free-Soilers  successfully prevented the re-nomination of Fillmore and destroyed the Whig Party in 1853.

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1853

Democrat Party

The election of Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan brought the Democrats into power

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1854

National Union Party

The National Union Party was formed to further the beliefs of national interest above sectional interests and states' rights. It was organized in 1854 in opposition to the extension of slavery and eventually emerged as the Republican party.

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1860

National Union Party

Abraham Lincoln was elected President in 1860 as the first leader of the National Union Party. Upon Abraham Lincoln's death in 1865, Andrew Johnson became the only other National Union President. The 'National Union Party' then changed its name to the Republican Party.

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1869

Republican Party

Ulysses Grant was elected President and the first leader of the re-named Republican Party.

Timeline U.S. Political Parties

1869-present

Two Party
System

United States has two major political parties: the Democrats and the Republicans who share almost all the political power in the country to the present day.

Timeline U.S. Political Parties for kids

History Timeline U.S. Political Parties
The history timeline of U.S. Political Parties continues with the following table detailing all of the United States presidents, dates of their presidencies and their political affiliations.

US Political Parties: Timeline of US Presidents and Political Parties

Number - Names of Presidents in order - Dates of Terms in Office - Political Parties

1st - George Washington - (1789-1793) & (1793-1797) - Independent

2nd - John Adams - (1797-1801)  - Federalist

3rd - Thomas Jefferson - (1801-1805) & (1805-1809)  - Democratic-Republican

4th - James Madison - (1809-1813) & (1813-1817)  - Democratic-Republican

5th - James Monroe - (1817-1821) & (1821-1825)  - Democratic-Republican

6th - John Quincy Adams - (1825-1829)  - Democratic-Republican

7th - Andrew Jackson - (1829-1833) & (1833-1837) - Democratic

8th - Martin Van Buren - (1837-1841) - Democratic

9th - William Harrison - (1841) - Whig

10th - John Tyler - (1841-1845 - Whig

11th - James Knox Polk - (1845-1849) - Democratic

12th - Zachary Taylor - (1849-1850) - Whig

13th - Millard Fillmore - (1850-1853) - Whig

14th - Franklin Pierce - (1853-1857) - Democratic

15th - James Buchanan - (1857-1861)  - Democratic

16th - Abraham Lincoln - (1861-1865) & (1865)  - Republican / National Union

17th - Andrew Johnson - (1865-1869) - Democratic / National Union

18th - Ulysses Grant - (1869-1873) & (1873-1877)  - Republican

19th - Rutherford Hayes - (1877-1881) - Republican

20th - James Garfield - (1881) - Republican

21st - Chester Arthur - (1881-1885) - Republican

22nd - Grover Cleveland - (1885-1889)  - Democratic

23rd - Benjamin Harrison - (1889-1893) - Republican

24th - Grover Cleveland - (1893-1897) - Democratic

25th - William McKinley - (1897-1901) & (1901) - Republican

26th - Theodore Roosevelt - (1901-1905) & (1905-1909) - Republican

27th - William Taft - (1909-1913) - Republican

28th - Woodrow Wilson - (1913-1917) & (1917-1921) - Democratic

29th - Warren Harding - (1921-1923) - Republican

30th - Calvin Coolidge - (1923-1925) & (1925-1929) - Republican

31st - Herbert Hoover - (1929-1933) - Republican

32nd - Franklin Roosevelt - (1933-1937) & (1937-1941) & (1941-1945) & (1945)  - Democratic

33rd - Harry Truman - (1945-1949) & (1949-1953) - Democratic

34th - Dwight Eisenhower - (1953-1957) & (1957-1961) - Republican

35th - John Kennedy - (1961-1963) - Democratic

36th - Lyndon Johnson - (1963-1965) & (1965-1969) - Democratic

37th - Richard Nixon - (1969-1974) - Republican

38th - Gerald Ford - (1974-1977) - Republican

39th - Jimmy Carter - (1977-1981) - Democratic

40th - Ronald Reagan - (1981-1985) & (1985-1989) - Republican

41st - George H Bush - (1989-1993) - Republican

42nd - Bill Clinton - (1993-2001) - Democratic

43rd - George W Bush - (2001-2005) & (2005-2009) - Republican

44th - Barack Obama - (2009-2013) & (2013-2017) - Democratic

Timeline U.S. Political Parties - Video of the US Presidents
The article provides a fast overview of the Timeline U.S. Political Parties and the government of the United States. The following Presidents of the USA video enables you to sit back and listen to the history of all the Presidents of the USA - a useful educational resource for kids, children and schools that complements the History Timeline U.S. Political Parties.

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