US Government Guide - The 7 Principles of Government
The men who shaped the US Government and Constitution were well educated men with knowledge of politics, the law, colonial and state government. These were the men who discussed political philosophies and agreed the 7 Principles of the Constitution. Their experience with the British made them very clear on what they did not want. Agreeing the basic principles of government and the new constitution would allow them to design a government that would be fair. They also needed to define the role of the central government and the role of the individual states. Their 7 Principles were based on the following ideas:
Rule by the people, not a king
The right to vote for representatives to speak for them
Personal freedoms and individual rights
Limited government in which everyone is bound by the US Constitution
Power is shared between the national and state governments
Separation of powers into branches that make, enforce or interpret laws
Controls (checks and balances) between branches
US Government Guide - The 3 Branches
In their new central government, their would be no powerful monarch. The Constitution would be the 'Supreme Law'. The Founding Fathers wanted to prevent a concentration of power in one government official or in one government office. They therefore divided the government into three separate branches (Executive, Legislative and Judicial). This idea extended to include the State Governments. Every state has its own constitution and every state also has the same three separate branches. There is a system of 'Checks and Balances' at both Federal (National) and state level to ensure the balance of power and limit opportunities to abuse power.
US Government Guide - The Legislative, Executive and Judicial Branches
The Legislative, Executive and Judicial Branches have different functions consist of
The US Capitol
Senate & House of Representatives
Library of Congress
The White House
Executive Office of President
Post Office, CIA,
Environment Protection Agency
The Supreme Court
Courts of Appeal
US Government Guide to Federalism - National (Federal), State and Local Government
The system of government in the United States is called "Federalism" which consists of a structure of shared, distributed power that is divided between federal (national), state and local government. The American people elect officials to serve in the Federal and State Government.
US Government Guide: Glossary of Terms
The following US Government Glossary of terms contains common words associated with the US, helpful for kids and children studying the US Government.
US Government Guide: Glossary of TermsAdjourn: To close or end a meeting or session
Amendment: A change to the ConstitutionArticles of Confederation: The first national constitution of the US
Appropriation: A bill providing funding for authorized federal programBicameral: A two-tier system - A legislature with two houses
Bill: A proposed lawBill of Rights: The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Capitol: The building in which state legislative bodies meet.Congress: Congress is an assembly of representatives.
Congress: Congress is made up of two Chambers: the House of Representative and the Senate.Constitution: A set of laws and rules establishing the government
Democracy: Rule by the peopleFederalism: A system of government in which power is shared by national and state governments.
Framers: The men who wrote the ConstitutionGovernment: The organization of power within a country
Governor: The chief executive of a stateLegislator: A person who makes laws
Legislature: The group that has the power to make lawsSenate: A governing body - Congress
Senator: A member of the SenateVeto: The rejection of a bill by the President
US Government Guide: Video of the US Presidents
The US Government Guide provides a fast overview of the key facts and trivia about the US Government of the United States. The following President of the USA video enables you to sit back and listen to the history of the personal and political lives of all the President of the USA - a useful educational resource for kids, children and schools learning about the Presidents of the United States of America. Facts and info.